Templar heritage in France

Founded thanks to royal and seigneurial donations, the commanderies were the basic unit of the network of the Order of the Temple in the medieval West. It is a group of buildings but also the capital of a vast rural exploitation, in the heart of an agricultural, pastoral, wine-growing, forestry and mining estate, sometimes according to local specificities, and composed of houses, ancillary equipment (mills, ovens, presses, etc.) and villages over which the Knights Templar acted as lords. As the rear bases of the fighting troops in the East, the commanderies exploited these vast domains, a large part of whose annual profits were centralized at the headquarters of the province of France, the Enclos du Temple de Paris, in order to finance the war (responsions). This pattern does not apply in the Iberian Peninsula, the land of the Crusades, where the Temple had fortresses on the border of the Reconquista.
The commanderies were organized between the living buildings (commander’s residence, chapel, chapter house, refectory, brothers’ dormitory) and the agricultural buildings. They were inhabited mainly by black brothers (or brother sergeants), mostly from peasant backgrounds, and led by a few white brothers, including the commander, who came from aristocratic backgrounds.
The commanderies, which can be estimated to number about a thousand, constituted between the middle of the 12th and the beginning of the 14th centuries a considerable economic and seigniorial network which, along with the convents of other monastic orders, shaped the landscapes of Europe. In France, the commanderies of Sainte-Eulalie-de-Cernon in Larzac, Avalleur in Champagne, Coulommiers in Brie and Arville in the county of Blois remain concrete examples of prosperous establishments.



Abbey of Clairvaux
Commandery of Avalleur
Commandery of Payns - Hugues de Payns Museum
Cathedral of Troyes
Templar Chapel of Mesnil-Saint-Loup
Templar House of the Bazin Lodge
Commandery of Troyes
Saint-Jean Chapel of Bar-sur-Aube
Commandery of Fresnoy
Chapel of Chevru
Templar storeroom of Saint-Julien-les-Villas


Commandery of Corgebin
Abbey of Mormant


Saint John the Baptist Chapel of Rugney

Bourgogne-Franche-Comté, Côte-d'Or

Commandery of Epailly
Chapel of the Templars of Beaune


Castle of Chinon

Hauts-de-France, Aisne

Chapel of the Templars in Laon


Commandery of the Temple of Paris

Normandie, Eure

Castle of Gisors

Nouvelle-Aquitaine, Lot-et-Garonne

Town of Le Temple-sur-Lot

Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes, Ardèche

Commandery of Jalès

Occitanie, Aveyron

Town of Saint-Eulalie-de-Cernon